disease

dis|ease
W1S3 [dıˈzi:z] n
[Date: 1300-1400; : Old French; Origin: desaise, from aise 'relaxed feeling, comfort']
1.) [U and C]
an illness which affects a person, animal, or plant
She suffers from a rare disease of the brain.
Heart disease runs in our family.
filthy conditions that cause disease
She contracted the disease while she was abroad on holiday.
The government has taken steps to halt the spread of the disease .
vaccinations against infectious diseases such as measles
'Mad cow disease' is a fatal degenerative disease of the nervous system.
The first symptoms of the disease are vomiting and a slight fever.
2.)
something that is seriously wrong with society or with someone's mind, behaviour etc
Loneliness is a disease of our urban communities.
>diseased adj
diseased muscles
a diseased plant
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COLLOCATES for sense 1
have/suffer from a disease
heart/liver/brain etc disease
a disease of the brain/stomach etc
catch a disease
contract a disease formal (=catch a disease)
a disease spreads/the spread of a disease
infectious/contagious disease (=one that spreads quickly from one person to another)
a fatal/deadly disease (=one that causes death)
an incurable disease (=one that cannot be cured)
a degenerative disease (=one that gradually gets worse and worse)
a cure for a disease
the symptoms of a disease (=the things that show that someone has it)
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Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • disease — n Disease, disorder, condition, affection, ailment, malady, complaint, distemper, syndrome denote a de ranged bodily state usually associated with or amounting to a loss of health. Disease in its usual and broadest use implies an impairment of… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Disease — Dis*ease , n. [OE. disese, OF. desaise; des (L. dis ) + aise ease. See {Ease}.] 1. Lack of ease; uneasiness; trouble; vexation; disquiet. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] So all that night they passed in great disease. Spenser. [1913 Webster] To shield thee …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • disease — [di zēz′] n. [ME disese, inconvenience, trouble, sickness < OFr desaise, discomfort < des , DIS + aise, EASE] 1. any departure from health; illness in general 2. a particular destructive process in an organ or organism, with a specific… …   English World dictionary

  • Disease — Dis*ease , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Diseased}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Diseasing}.] 1. To deprive of ease; to disquiet; to trouble; to distress. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] His double burden did him sore disease. Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. To derange the vital… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • disease — (n.) early 14c., discomfort, inconvenience, from O.Fr. desaise lack, want; discomfort, distress; trouble, misfortune; disease, sickness, from des without, away (see DIS (Cf. dis )) + aise ease (see EASE (Cf. ease)). Sense of sickness, illness in… …   Etymology dictionary

  • disease — I noun affliction, ailment, attack, bodily deviation from health, bout of sickness, breakdown, chronic disability, collapse, condition, contagion, defect, deterioration, disability, discomfort, disorder, distemper, epidemic, handicap, ill health …   Law dictionary

  • disease — [n] ailment, affliction ache, affection, attack, blight, breakdown, bug*, cancer, canker, collapse, complaint, condition, contagion, contamination, convulsions, debility, decrepitude, defect, disorder, distemper, endemic, epidemic, feebleness,… …   New thesaurus

  • disease — ► NOUN ▪ a disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant, especially one that produces specific symptoms. DERIVATIVES diseased adjective. ORIGIN Old French desaise lack of ease …   English terms dictionary

  • Disease — Human disease redirects here. For the Slayer song, see Soundtrack to the Apocalypse. Flare up redirects here. For the Transformers character, see Flareup (Transformers). Medical condition redirects here. For the descriptive terminology using… …   Wikipedia

  • disease — diseasedly, adv. diseasedness, n. /di zeez /, n., v., diseased, diseasing. n. 1. a disordered or incorrectly functioning organ, part, structure, or system of the body resulting from the effect of genetic or developmental errors, infection,… …   Universalium

  • disease — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) Condition of ill health Nouns 1. disease, illness, sickness, ailment, ailing; morbidity, infirmity, ailment, indisposition; complaint, disorder, malady; functional disorder. 2. condition, affliction,… …   English dictionary for students

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